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History Dates

Scottish American Society

Scottish History Dates

May 4 1645 - Marquis of Montrose victorious at Battle of Auldearn.
May 5 1646 - King Charles I surrenders to Lord Leven and was later passed
to the Parliamentary forces.
May 5 1938 – King George VI officially opened the Empire Exhibition in Glasgow.
May 6 1870 - Sir James Young Simpson advocate of chloroform, died.
May 6 1941 - Last major bombing attack on the Clyde area by the Luftwaffe;
Greenock was badly hit with 280 dead.
May 6 1959 – Icelandic gunboats fired live rounds at British fishing trawlers – many of them Scottish – during the cold war over fishing rights.
May 7 1890 - James Naysmith, engineer and inventor of steam hammer, died
May 7 1542 – Earl of Hertford invaded Scotland in an unsuccessful effort to force the marriage of Edward, son of Henry VIII, and Mary, Queen of Scots.
May 8 1998 – Dave and Dianne Allison married at Gettysburg
May 8 1945 - Victory-in-Europe Day, end of World War II in Europe. Over 50,000 Scottish servicemen lost their lives during the conflict.
May 8 1701 - Scottish-born pirate "Captain" William Kidd tried for piracy
at London's Old Bailey. He was hanged on 23 May.
May 9 1645 – Royalists, led by the Marquis of Montrose camped at Auldearn, near Nairn, en route to attack Inverness. Covenanters gathered at Inverness and surprised Montrose in an engagement. Montrose & followers waged a fierce battle, killing 2000 Covenanters, losing only 200 of their own men.
May 9 1860 - J M Barrie, author of "Peter Pan" born in Kirriemuir.
May 9 1957 - A spectacular blaze at Bell's Brae, Edinburgh, destroyed the
premises of one of Britain's largest theatrical costumiers; around 90,000
costumes were lost.
May 10 1307 - Battle of Loudon Hill, near Darvel. King Robert I
comprehensively defeated English forces under de Valence.
May 10 1809 - Andrew Bell, co-founder of Encyclopaedia Britannica with
Colin MacFarquhar, died.
May 10 1810 - Rev Henry Duncan opened the world's first savings bank in
Ruthwell, near Dumfries.
May 10 1850 - Sir Thomas Lipton, founder of the Lipton's grocery chain who
was a millionaire by the age of 30, was born in Glasgow.
May 10 1941 - Rudolf Hess, Hitler's deputy, descended by parachute into
Scotland at Eaglesham.
May 11 1685 – Wigtown drowning of Covenanters Margaret MacLachlan (or Lachlane) and Margaret Wilson. They refused to take an oath of loyalty to Charles II.
May 12 563 - Community of Iona founded by Colum Cille (St Columba) from
May 12 1725 - The Black Watch regiment was commissioned under General Wade
to police the Highlands.
May 12 1999 – Scottish Parliament reconvened. Dr. Winifred Ewing MSP, as acting presiding officer, stated: “The Scottish Parliament which adjourned on the 25th of March in 1707, is hereby reconvened.”
May 13 1685 – James Kirk executed near Dumfries. He was a Covenanter who refused to swear the oath to King Charles II. His death marked one of the last of the wave of deaths known as the “Killing Times.”
May 13 1568 - Mary, Queen of Scots, defeated at Battle of Langside.
May 14 1754 - St Andrews Society of Golfers constituted. In 1834 it became
the Royal and Ancient Golf Club.
May 15 1567 - Mary, Queen of Scots, married Earl of Bothwell - at 4am.
May 16 1763 - Biographer James Boswell met Samuel Johnson for the first
May 16 1791 - James Boswell's "Life of Johnson" published.
May 17 1532 - King James V established paid judges to sit as the Court of
Session, the highest civil court in Scotland.
May 17 1810 – Robert Tannahill, famous poet, drowned himself in a Paisley canal.
May 17 1938 - The Marquess of Bute sold half of the city of Cardiff for 20
million, at that time the biggest-ever British property deal.
May 18 1313 - Robert the Bruce invades Isle of Man.
May 18 1843 - Break up of Church of Scotland and formation of Free Church
of Scotland.
May 19 1795 - Death in Auchinleck of James Boswell, biographer of Dr
May 20 685 - Battle of Dunnichen (also known as Nechtansmere), south of
Forfar in Angus, as a result of which the Picts stopped the advance
northwards of the Angles of Northumbria.
May 20 1303 - France and England make peace, releasing forces to attack
May 20 1685 – Earl of Argyll sails to Campbeltown with 300 men in an attempted uprising designed to place Charles II’s illegitimate son, the Duke of Monmouth, on the throne. After the failure of the revolt, he was executed.
May 20 1747 - Edinburgh-born James Lind began a controlled experiment which
demonstrated that citrus fruits could prevent scurvy, a disease contracted
by sailors on long voyages. The lime juice which eventually became standard
issue to British sailors gave rise to the term "limey" as a name for
British overseas.
May 21 1650 - James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, executed at Mercat Cross,
May 21 1916 - Clocks and watches went forward for one hour as the Daylight
Savings Act brought in "British Summer Time" for the first time.
May 22 1611 - King James VI introduced the title "baronet" for the first
time. This is the lowest hereditary titled order.
May 22 1859 - Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, author of Sherlock Holmes, born of
Irish parents in Edinburgh.
May 22 1915 – Britains worst train disaster near Gretna Green. A troop train carrying the 7th Royal Scots Regiment hit a stationary train and the night express train from London hit the wreckage. 227 lives were lost.
May 22 1968 – General Assembly of the Church of Scotland voted in favor or women ministers.
May 22, 2003 – Amy (Frost) Harvey and Jayson Barrington married – North Canton OH
May 23 1701 – Captain Kidd, the notorious Scottish pirate, died. He was born in Dundee about 1645 and was one of the most notorious pirates of his time.
May 24 1153 - King David I died at Carlisle and Malcolm IV crowned at Scone.
May 24 1916 - Conscription to the armed forces began for the first time.
May 24 1928 - Actor and comedian Stanley Baxter born.
May 25 1726 - First circulating library opened in Edinburgh.
May 25 1713 - John Stuart, Earl of Bute, Britain's first Scottish Prime Minister, born.
May 26 1424 - The parliament convened by King James I approved the arrest of a number of the Scottish nobility - and also banned the playing of football.
May 26 1652 – Dunnottar Castle, the last Royalist stronghold in eastern Scotland, surrenders to Cromwell’s forces after an eight month siege. Defenders managed to smuggle out the Crown Jewels of Scotland to the nearby Kinneff Church.
May 27 1936 - Maiden voyage of liner Queen Mary, built on the river Clyde
by John Brown's at Clydebank.
May 28 1503 - Papal Bull signed by Pope Alexander VI confirming the
marriage of King James IV and Margaret Tudor and the "Treaty of Everlasting
Peace" between Scotland and England.
May 29 1630 - King Charles II born.
May 29 1660 - King Charles II returned to England. Royal Oak Day.
May 29 1687 - Order of the Thistle founded by King James VII.
May 30 1291 - Claimants to the Scottish throne met King Edward I of England at Norham on Tweed to resolve succession.
May 31 1367 - King Robert III married Annabel Drummond.
May 31 1727 - The Royal Bank of Scotland was formed from a company of debenture holders.
June 1 1843 - Dr Henry Faulds, who established the uniqueness of fingerprints, born in Beith, Ayrshire.
June 1 1878 - First Tay rail bridge opens. It was to collapse 18 months later in the Tay Bridge Disaster.
June 2 1398 - Prince Henry St Clair (Sinclair) reputed to have landed in Nova Scotia, having sailed from Orkney.
June 2 1581 - James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, beheaded in Edinburgh Grassmarket, accused of the murder of Lord Darnley.
June 2 1941 - Clothes rationing introduced as a war-time measure. It was not lifted until 1949.
June 3 1726 - James Hutton, founder of modern geology, born.
June 3 1774 – Poet Robert Tannahill born in Paisley.
June 3 1931 - The company formed by John Logie Baird televised the Epsom Derby which was then transmitted by the BBC.
June 4 1818 - First recorded inter-club golf match - between Edinburgh Burgess Golfing Society and Bruntsfield Links Golf Club.
June 5 1592 - An Act of the Scottish Parliament came into force "concerning
the Office of Lyoun King of Armes and his brether Heraldis" creating the
best regulated system of armorial bearings in Europe.
June 5 1723 - Adam Smith, author of "The Wealth of Nations" born Kirkcaldy.
June 5 1975 - Referendum held on British Membership of the European
Community. In Scotland the vote was "Yes" 1,332,286; "No" 948,039. Turnout
was 61%. Only Shetland and Western Isles had majorities against.
June 6 1838 - Thomas Blake Glover, founding father of Japan's
industrialization (including Mitsubishi) and Japanese Navy, born Fraserburgh.
June 7 1329 - Robert the Bruce died, Cardross Castle.
June 7 1811 - Sir James Young Simpson, pioneer of anaesthetics and
chloroform, born.
June 8 1772 - Robert Stevenson, engineer, who constructed 18 lighthouses
around Scotland, born Glasgow.
June 9 – Dianne Hall Allison’s birthday. A very lucky day for all of us.
June 9 597 - St Columba died on Iona..
June 9 1942 - First US troops (over 10,000 men) disembark from Queen Mary
on the River Clyde.
June 10 1688 - James Francis Stuart born. In honour of the "Old Pretender",
this is known as "White Rose Day" in Jacobite circles.
June 10 1719 - Battle of Glenshiel, Jacobites with Spanish assistance, and
government forces clashed.
June 10 1727 - Death of King George I and accession of George II.
June 10 1768 - Construction of the Forth and Clyde canal started. It was to
take 22 years to complete.
June 10 1903 - The floral clock in Princes Street Gardens, Edinburgh, began
operation - initially driven by clockwork and with only an hour hand. But
it was the first of its kind in the world.
June 10 1939 - Sir Jackie Stewart, three-times world motor racing champion,
born in Dunbartonshire.
June 11 1560 - Marie of Guise, widow of King James V and Queen Regent of
Scotland, died.
June 11 1488 - Battle of Sauchieburn during which King James III died
attempting to subdue a group of rebel barons.
June 11 1975 - First oil pumped ashore from British oilfields in the North
June 12th – Bob Morehead’s birthday. Music to our ears..!
June 12th 1843 – Sir David Gill, Scottish astronomer, born.
June 13th – Margaret Opphile’s birthday! Wee Margaret – truly a pearl.
June 13 1831 - Birth of James Clerk Maxwell, first Professor of Experimental Physics at Cambridge University. He created the electromagnetic theory of light.
June 14 1940 - HMS Queen Mary, HMS Aquitania, HMS Empress of Canada, and HMS Empress of Britain arrive in the River Clyde with the first contingent of Australian and New Zealand troops.
June 14 1946 - John Logie Baird, inventor of the first television, died.
June 15 1567 - Mary Queen of Scots' last night in Edinburgh, at the house of Sir Simon Preston, the Lord Provost, on the Royal Mile, prior to her imprisonment at Loch Leven castle two days later.
June 15 1945 –HMS Queen Mary leaves Greenock, taking nearly 15,000 GIs home to US.
June 16 1338 - Siege of Dunbar Castle by the English was raised.
June 16 1821 – “Old Tom Morris” one of the first professional golfers – 4 time Open Champion, born in St. Andrews.
June 16 1971 - Lord Reith, "father" of the BBC, died.
June 17 1390 - Wolf of Badenoch burns Elgin Cathedral.
June 17 1823 - Charles Macintosh patented the waterproof cloth he was using to make raincoats.
June 18 1639 – Charles I forced to withdraw from Scotland and recognize an independent Scottish Parliament. “Pacification of Berwick”
June 18 1746 - Flora MacDonald met Prince Charles Edward Stuart and persuaded him to wear
women's clothes as part of the escape plan from the Outer Hebrides to Skye.
June 19 1566 - Mary Queen of Scots gives birth to the future King James VI
of Scotland and I of England.
June 19th 1633 – Coronation of King Charles I at Holyrood.
June 19th 1660 – “Day of Public Thanksgiving” on Restoration of Charles II as King.
June 19th 1861 – Earl Haig, Commander in Chief of British forces 1915-1918, born.
June 19th 1937 – Sir J M Barrie, author of Peter Pan, died.
June 20 1773 – Adam Ferguson, philosopher, historian, “Father of Sociology, born Logierait, Perthshire.
June 20th 1887 – New Tay rail bridge opened. Longest in Britain.
June 20 1969 - First announcement of the discovery of high-grade crude oil
in the North Sea.
June 21st, 1791 – Robert Napier, “Father of Clyde shipbuilding” born.
June 21 1796 - Scottish explorer Mungo Park reached the source of the river Niger in Africa.
June 22 1725 - Malt Riots, Glasgow - against higher taxes imposed on Scottish malt.
June 22nd 1679 – Battle of Bothwell. Covenanters were defeated.
June 23rd 1876 – Robert Napier died (see June 21st, 1791).
June 23 1650 - Charles II sailed into the estuary of the river Spey and signed the Covenant before going ashore.
June 24 1314 - Robert the Bruce defeated Edward II at Battle of Bannockburn.
June 24 1777 – Birth of Admiral Sir JohnRoss, Scottish Polar explorer. In 1818 he went in search of the Northwest passage – but turned back after exploring Baffin Bay.
June 25th 1799 – David Douglas, explorer and botanist, born at Scone, Perthshire.
June 25 1876 - Seven Scots, including John Stuart Forbes, were in the US 7th Cavalry with General Custer at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.
June 25th 1887 – Statue of Wallace unveiled at Wallace National Monument, Stirling.
June 25th 1891 – First Sherlock Holmes story, written by Edinburgh born author, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, published.
June 26 1488 - James IV crowned king at the age of 15 at Scone. He reigned until 1513 when he fell with the flower of Scotland's nobility at the Battle of Flodden Field.
June 26 1695 – Darien Company formed to set up a Scottish colony in Panama.
June 27 1583 - James VI (aged 8) escaped from Castle Ruthven.
June 28 1746 – Escape of Bonnie Prince Charlie – who had a high price on his head after Culloden. Sailed from Benbecula to Skye dressed as Flora MacDonald’s maid, Betty Burke.
June 28 1838 - Queen Victoria crowned at Westminster Abbey.
June 28 1996 – Lexi Barrington born. Never a dull moment since.
June 30 1857 - Start of trial for murder of Madeleine Smith who was eventually found "Not Proven"
July 1 1505 - Seal granted by Edinburgh Town Council to the Incorporation
of Barbers and Surgeons to practise their craft. The organisation is now
known as the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.
July 1 1782 - Proscription Act Repealed, thus allowing again the wearing of
tartan and the carrying of weapons (banned as a result of the 1745 Uprising
in support of Bonnie Prince Charlie).
July 1 1999 – Scottish Parliament re-opened (previous session closed October 3, 1706)
July 2 1266 - Treaty of Perth, Norway renounces claim on the Hebrides.
July 2 1908 - Dumfries reached a temperature of 32.8C (91F), the highest
recorded - so far.
July 3 1928 - John Logie Baird transmitted first colour television.
July 5 1847 - Final run of the Edinburgh to London mail coach (trains had
taken over).
July 6 1747 - John Paul Jones, hero of the US Navy, born Kirkbean,
July 7 1559 - John Knox became the first Protestant minister appointed in
July 8 1249 - King Alexander II died on Isle of Kerrara, Oban Bay.
July 10 1451 - King James III born at Stirling.
July 10 2013 - Ann Heflin birthday
July 11 1274 - Robert the Bruce born (possibly at Turnberry Castle).
July 12 1698 - Darien expedition left Leith for Panama.
July 13 1249 - King Alexander III crowned at Scone
July 13th – Brad Walker’s birthday
July 14 1927 - Scottish National War Memorial opened.
July 15 1889 - National Portrait Gallery for Scotland opened in Edinburgh.
July 16 1328 - David II, son of Robert I (the Bruce) married Joan, sister
of Edward III (he was 4, she was 7).
July 16 1970 - 13th Commonwealth Games opened in Edinburgh.
July 17 1695 - Bank of Scotland, first bank to be established by an Act of
the Scottish Parliament, opened.
July 18 1792 - John Paul Jones, naval hero of the American Revolution,
died; he was born in Kircudbrightshire in 1747.
July 19 1333 - Battle of Halidon Hill in which Sir Archibald Douglas
(guardian of David II) routed by Edward Balliol and Edward III. Scots
losses were nearly 600, English losses 14.
July 20 1651 - Battle of Inverkeithing. Royalist force supporting Charles
II failed to halt advance of army of Oliver Cromwell heading for Perth.
July 20th 1933 – Joe Nichols born! HAPPY BIRTHDAY JOE
July 20th 1965 – Liz Belvin born! HAPPY BIRTHDAY LIZ
July 21 1796 - Robert Burns dies in Dumfries, aged 37.
July 22 1298 - The army of the English King Edward I, using longbows for
the first time, defeated the Scots led by Sir William Wallace at Battle of
July 23 1745 - Charles Edward Stuart landed on Eriskay at the start of the
1745 campaign.
July 24 1567 - Mary Queen of Scots abdicated and the young James VI acceded
to Scottish throne. The Earl of Mar was appointed regent.
July 24 2002 - The Princess Royal formally opened the Loch Lomond and The
Trossachs National Park, Scotland's first national park.
July 25 1394 - King James I born.
July 25 1848 - Arthur James Balfour, the only Secretary of State for
Scotland to become Prime Minister, born E Lothian.
July 27 1689 - Battle of Killiecrankie in which Graham of Claverhouse
(Bonnie Dundee) leading an army of Highlanders in support of the Jacobite
cause, defeated King William's army under General Hugh Mackay.
July 27 1689 – Graham of Claverhouse (Bonnie Dundee) died in battle at the moment of victory.
July 29 1565 - Mary, Queen of Scots, married Lord Darnley.
July 29 1567 - King James VI (aged 13 months) crowned at the Church of the
Holy Rude, beside Stirling Castle, following the abdication of Mary, Queen
of Scots, five days earlier.
July 31 1786 - "Kilmarnock Edition" of the poems of Robert Burns "Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect" first published.
July 31 1965 - Cigarette advertising banned on television in Britain.
August 1 1714 – Death of Queen Anne; George 1, Elector of Hanover becomes king.
August 1 1747 - Proscription Act introduced, banning tartan and the
carrying of weapons. The penalty for a first offence was six months in jail
and a second offence resulted in transportation for seven years.
August 1 1967 – University of Dundee which was incorporated into the University of St Andrews in 1890, constituted as a separate university.
August 2 1894 - Death duties introduced for the first time in Britain.
August 2, 1922 – Death of Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, in Nova Scotia.
August 3 1305 - William Wallace betrayed and handed over to the English.
August 3 1460 – King James II killed by an exploding cannon at the siege of Roxburgh Castle.
August 3 1573 – Sir William Kircaldy of Grange executed after defending Edinburgh Castle on behalf of Mary, Queen of Scots.
August 4 1870 - Birth of the entertainer Sir Harry Lauder.
August 5 1388 - James, Earl Douglas, died out of sight of his army, in a bush, at Battle of Otterburn in which Scots defeat Henry Percy, (Hotspur) but with the loss of the Earl of Douglas.
August 5 1695 - The Scottish Parliament established a General Post Office.
August 6 1678 - First Glasgow/Edinburgh coach service began from White Horse Inn, Edinburgh.
August 6 1820 - Donald Alexander Smith - later Lord Strathcona - born in Forres. A pioneer of the Hudson Bay Company in the North-West, he later championed the completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway across Canada and drove the last spike at Craigellachie, British Columbia.
August 6 1881 - Birth of Sir Alexander Fleming, discoverer of penicillin.
August 7 1914 – Lord Kitchener, the war minister, began a mass recruiting campaign, three days after Britain declared war on Germany.
August 8 1296 - King Edward I removed to England the Stone of Destiny on which generations of Scottish kings had been crowned.
August 8 1503 - King James IV married Margaret Tudor, daughter of King Henry VII of England. The marriage was known as the Union of the Thistle and the Rose.
August 8th 2013 – Birthday of Bill Kennedy of North Canton, OH. Happy Birthday Bill !!!
August 9 1757 - Civil engineer Thomas Telford born in Dumfries.
August 9 1935 - Prestwick Airport in Ayrshire opened after David McIntyre set up Scottish Aviation Ltd. Aircraft had been flying from the area since 1913.
August 10 1460 - King James III crowned at Kelso Abbey.
August 10 1872 - Education (Scotland) Act passed, providing elementary education for all children.
August 10 1935 - Perth Museum and Art Gallery opened by the Duke and Duchess of York.
August 11 1919 – Andrew Carnegie, Dunfermline born steel industrialist and philanthropist, died.
August 12 1990 – Roy Williamson, Scottish folk musician & songwriter – one of The Corries (along with Ronnie Browne) – died.
August 13 1826 - Explorer Alexander Gordon Laing became the first Christian to reach Timbuctu, Africa.
August 13 1888 - Birth of John Logie Baird, developer of television.
August 13 1957 - Scotland's first nuclear power station at Dounreay went
"critical" ushering in the generation of power from atomic reactions.
August 14 1040 - King Duncan I killed in battle at Pitgavney by Macbeth.
August 14 1337 - King Robert III born at Scone.
August 14 1390 - King Robert III crowned at the Augustinian abbey of Scone.
August 14 1964 - University of Strathclyde was constituted in Glasgow, based on the Royal College of Science and Technology.
August 15th – Birthday of Tim Wiley, Pipe Master, Celtic Eagle Pipe Band. Happy Birthday Tim!
August 15 1057 - Macbeth killed in battle by Malcolm at Lumphanan.
August 15 1771 - Novelist and poet Sir Walter Scott born.
August 15 1840 - Foundation stone for the Monument to Sir Walter Scott laid in Princes Street Gardens.
August 16 1766 - Birth of Carolina Oliphant (Lady Nairne), poet and author of many Jacobite songs, including "Charlie is my Darling". Her songs are second only in popularity to Burns.
August 17 1472 - The see of St Andrews became an archbishopric by a bull of Pope Sixtius IV.
August 17 1822 - Visit of George IV to Edinburgh began, orchestrated by Sir Walter Scott.
August 17 1947 - First Edinburgh International Festival opened.
August 18 1966 - Tay Road Bridge opened.
August 19 1561 - Mary Queen of Scots lands at Leith on her return from France, after the death of her husband, King Francis II
August 19 1745 - Charles Edward Stuart, raises his standard at Glenfinnan,at the start of the '45 uprising.
August 19 1932 - Scottish aviator Jim Mollinson landed after the first East/West solo flight of the Atlantic from Portmarnock, Ireland to Pennfield, New Brunswick.
August 20 1897 - Ronald Ross, the first Scot to win a Nobel prize (in 1902) dissected a mosquito and established the link with malaria.
August 21 1689 - Battle of Dunkeld when the newly formed Cameronians defended the town against 3,000 Highlanders.
August 21 1754 - Birth of William Murdoch who pioneered the use of coal-gas lighting in 1792 in partnership with James Watt and Mathew Boulton.
August 21 1937 - Birth of Donald Dewar, former Secretary of State for Scotland and First Minister in the new Scottish Parliament.
August 22 1138 - Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in which King David I was defeated by the English.
August 22 1282 - Devorgilla, Countess of Galloway founded Balliol College,
Oxford. She was mother of John Balliol (who acceded to the Scottish throne
in 1292).
August 22 1642 - King Charles I raised his standard at Nottingham, initiating a Civil War in England between the Royalists (also known as Cavaliers) and Parliament (Roundheads).
August 22 1960 - "Beyond the Fringe", an influential satirical revue, opened in Edinburgh.
August 23 1305 - William Wallace executed.
August 24 1482 - Berwick on Tweed finally ceded to England (Edward IV) after changing hands 12 times.
August 24th 1947 – First Edinburgh International Festival of Music and Drama opened.
August 25 1819 - James Watt, developer of steam power, died.
August 25 1930 - Actor Sean Connery born. Famously went from an Edinburgh milk man to global movie superstar.
August 26 1875 - Novelist and statesman John Buchan born in Perth.
August 26 1901 – Donibristle Mining Disaster occurred in Fife coalfield.
August 27 1784 - First balloon ascent in Britain by James Tyler, Edinburgh.
August 28 1640 – Battle of Newburn on Tyne. Scots invaded northern England in response to the attempts of Charles I to impose an Anglican prayer book on Scotand.
August 28 1296 - Edward I of England held a parliament at Berwick to which
he summoned all Scottish landholders to sign the Ragman Roll.
In 1291, There were a number of claimants to the Scottish throne and King Edward I of England "volunteered" to hear their case and decide who had the most valid claim. Those involved met Edward at Norham on Tweed in 1291. Edward insisted on all the nobles signing an oath of loyalty to him. Some declined but many signed what was the first (and smaller) of the "Ragman Rolls"
When Balliol began to resist the demands of Edward in 1296, the English King over-ran Berwick-upon-Tweed and defeated the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar. He then marched across Scotland as far as the Moray Firth, capturing castles and removing such precious items as the Stone of Destiny, the Scottish crown and huge archives of Scotland's national records.
On 28 August, 1296, Edward held a "parliament" at Berwick. All the prominent Scottish landowners, churchmen and burgesses were summoned to swear allegiance to Edward and sign the parchments and affix their seals, many of which had ribbons attached. Prominent people as Robert Bruce, 6th Lord of Annandale, his son, the 2nd Earl of Carrick and William Wallace's uncle, Sir Reginald de Crauford (all of whom signed in 1291, but not 1296). In total, 2,000 signatures were inscribed, making it a most valuable document for future researchers.
It is suggested that the term "Ragman Rolls" derived from the ribbons attached to the seals on the parchments but the name may also have been derived from an earlier record compiled for the purposes of Papal taxation by a man called Ragimunde, whose name was corrupted to Ragman.

August 29 1930 - Island of St Kilda evacuated.
August 30 1870 - Birth of golf course designer Dr Alister Mackenzie; he was
responsible for Augusta National and Cypress Point, among others.
August 31 1946 – First Edinburgh Film Festiva opened.
September 1 714 - Death of St Giles, patron saint of Edinburgh (and Elgin).
September 1 1644 - Battle of Tippermuir, in which Marquis of Montrose
defeated Covenanters .
September 1 1719 - Marriage ceremony of Prince James Francis Edward Stewart
(the Old Pretender) and Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska. The Polish
Princess had been kidnapped on her way to the original wedding, escaped and
had married James by proxy earlier in 1719.
September 1 1971 - Sole remaining gas street lamp in Glasgow was lit for
the last time, bringing to an end the age of the "leeries", the
lamplighters which started in 1718 with oil lamps.
September 2 1834 - Death of engineer, road, bridge and canal builder Thomas
Telford. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
September 3 1650 - Cromwell defeated Scots at Battle of Dunbar.
September 3 1745 - Prince Charles Edward Stuart proclaimed his father as
King James VIII of Scotland at Perth.
September 3 1752 - With the adoption of the Gregorian calendar, September 3
1752 became 14 September. Crowds flocked the streets demanding "Give us
back our 11 days."
September 3 1787 - Glasgow weavers riot after their wages are cut. Bricks
were thrown at magistrates and soldiers then opened fire on the rioters,
resulting in six being killed.
September 4 1241 - King Alexander III born at Roxburgh.
September 4 1962 - Last tramcar run in Glasgow (to Auchenshuggle).
September 4 1964 - Forth Road Bridge opened by the Queen. At 6,156 feet long and a centre span of 3300 feet, it was the longest in Europe at that time.
September 4 2017 – Queen Elizabeth, accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, officially opened the Queensferry Crossing bridge. .
September 6 1715 - The Earl of Mar unfurled the standard of the "Old
Pretender" in Braemar at the start of the first Jacobite Uprising.
September 7 1306 - Sir Simon Fraser, the "Scottish Patriot", who fought
alongside Wallace and Robert the Bruce, was executed by the English and his
head displayed in London alongside that of Wallace.
September 7 1842 - Queen Victoria's first visit to Edinburgh.
September 7 2017 - The new 1.7 miles (2.7km) crossing over the river Forth was fully open to traffic for the first time. It is proposed to take most of the vehicles that currently travel over the 53-year-old Forth Road Bridge. The Queen, accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, officially opened the Queensferry Crossing bridge on the 4th of Sept.
September 9 1513 - James IV and the flower of Scotland's nobility were killed in battle at Flodden Field, near Branxton, in the English county of Northumberland.
September 9 1543 - Mary Queen of Scots crowned at Stirling Castle.
September 9 2015 - Queen Elizabeth officially opened the 350 million Borders Railway on the same day she became Britain’s longest ruling monarch.
September 10 1771 - Birth of Mungo Park at Foulshiels, near Selkirk. He
became an explorer and doctor who charted the course of the River Niger.
September 10th, 1951 – Jerry Hosticka born. HAPPY BIRTHDAY JERRY !!!
September 11 1297 - Battle of Stirling Bridge, Wallace ("Braveheart") defeated Edward I.
September 11 1997 - Referendum on Devolution which approved the creation of
a new Scottish Parliament by a substantial majority.
September 12 1715 - Jacobites defeated government forces at Battle of
September 13 1644 - Battle of Aberdeen, in which the Marquis of Montrose
captured the city.
September 13 1645 - Royalist troops under Marquis of Montrose defeated by
Covenanters led by David Leslie at Battle of Philiphaugh.
September 14 1402 - Scots led by 4th Earl of Douglas defeated at the Battle
of Homildon Hill by English army led by Percy 'Hotspur'.
September 14 1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlie, Charles Edward Stuart, occupied
September 15 - St Mirren Day (patron saint of Paisley).
September 15 1773 - The "Hector" leaves Loch Broom, near Ullapool, to sail
to Pictou, Nova Scotia, carrying emigrants escaping from the "Clearances".
September 16 1859 - David Livingstone discovered Lake Nyasa.
September 17 1745 - Prince Charles Edward Stuart took up residence at the
Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh.
September 18 1818 - Theatre Royal, Glasgow, became the first theatre in
Britain to be lit by gas.
September 18 1959 - 47 miners were killed at Auchengeich Colliery,
Lanarkshire when the bogies carrying them to work ran into smoke 1,000 feet
below ground.
September 19 1854 - The Great North of Scotland Railway opened, running
from Aberdeen to Huntly.
September 20 1746 - Prince Charles Edward Stuart escaped capture by sailing
to France aborad the French ship "L'Heureux."
September 20 1842 - Sir James Dewar, inventor of the vacuum flask, born in
September 20 1967 - Liner "Queen Elizabeth II" launched at John Brown's
shipyard at Clydebank.
September 21 1513 - King James V crowned at Stirling Castle.
September 21 1745 - Charles Edward Stuart victorious at Battle of
Prestonpans. The Jacobite army of just over 3,000 under Bonnie Prince
Charlie heavily defeated the English Royal forces led by Sir John Cope.
September 21 1756 - Road builder John McAdam born in Ayr.
September 21 1832 - Novelist (notably "Ivanhoe" and "Talisman") and poet
Sir Walter Scott died aged 61.
September 23 704 - Death of St Adamnan, biographer of St Columba.
September 23 1678 - The Earl of Mar was commissioned to raise a regiment
nicknamed "Earl of Mar's Gray Breeks" which later became the Royal Scots
September 23 1779 - Battle of Flamborough Head in which Scots-born John
Paul Jones fought an engagement against the British navy. His ship, the USS
Bonhomme Richard sank but he boarded and captured HMS Serapis.
September 24 1332 - Edward Balliol, son of John Balliol, crowned at Scone.
He was deposed by supporters of David II in December 1332, restored in
1333, deposed again in 1334, restored in 1335 and finally deposed in 1341.
September 25 1956 - The first telephone cable connecting the UK and North
America "went live". 2,240 miles long, the cable ran from Gallanach Bay,
near Oban in Argyll and Bute, to Clarenville, Canada.
September 26 1290 - Queen Margaret, Maid of Norway ("Eiriksdotter") died,
en route from Norway to Scotland.
September 26 1860 - First Open Golf Championship held at Prestwick. There
were eight entrants and the championship was won by Willie Park of
September 26 1934 - Liner Queen Mary launched at John Brown's shipyard,
Clydebank. She went on to break the Atlantic record (the "Blue Riband")
four times.
September 27 1831 - Scotland's first passenger railway opened (between
Glasgow and Garnkirk).
September 27 1938 - The 80,000-ton liner Queen Elizabeth, then the largest
passenger ship ever built, launched at John Brown's shipyard, Clydebank.
September 28 1581 - George Buchan, humanist, poet, historian and tutor of
King James VI, died.
September 29 1621 - Charter granted to Sir William Alexander of Menstrie to
colonise the "Baronetcy of Nova Scotia".
September 29 1952 - John Cobb made an attempt at the world water-speed
record on Loch Ness which ended in tragedy as the boat crashed and Cobb was
September 29th - Christina Harvey born. HAPPY BIRTHDAY CHRISTINA !! You are our treasure.
September 30 1928 - Announcement of the discovery of penicillin by
Ayrshire-born Sir Alexander Fleming.
October 1/5 1263 - Battle of Largs - Scots defeated the Vikings who were
attempting to invade.
October 1 1763 - Contract to construct the North Bridge, Edinburgh, signed.
October 2 1852 - Birth of Sir William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who
discovered helium, xenon, neon, argon, radon and krypton.
October 2 1931 - Death of Sir Thomas Lipton, grocer, tea merchant and
contestant for the "Americas Cup".
October 2 1947 - The new paddle steamer Waverley was launched from A. & J. Inglis's yard on the Clyde. After providing services on the Firth of Clyde she has been preserved and still takes passengers "doon the watter" as the last sea-going paddle steamer in the world. Built on the Clyde in 1947 for the London and North Eastern Railway, she is named after Sir Walter Scott’s first novel and indeed carries a portrait of Edward Waverley on her paddle boxes.
October 3 1357 - Treaty of Berwick, freeing David II from imprisonment by the English.
October 3 1706 - Last Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh before the Union with Westminster.
October 4 1883 - Boys' Brigade founded in Glasgow.
October 5 1785 - Balloon flight by Italian aeronaut Vincenzo Lunardi from Heriot's School, Edinburgh to Ceres in Fife.
October 7 1782 - Birth of Charles McLaren, one of the founders of the "Scotsman" newspaper.
October 8 1774 - Rev Henry Duncan, founder of the first savings bank, born in the Manse at Lochrutton.
October 9 1506 - King James IV ratified the Charter incorporating the Surgeons and Barbers.
October 9 1995 - Death of Lord Home of the Hirsel, also known as Sir Alec Douglas-Home, formerly Foreign Secretary and UK Prime Minister.
October 10 1802 - Writer and geologist Hugh Miller born on the Black Isle, Cromarty.
October 11 1297 - Letter from Wallace and Moray to the mayors of Lubeck and Hamburg saying that "The Kingdom of Scotland has, by God's Grace, recovered by battle from the power of the English".
October 11 1511 - Ship "Great Michael" launched for King James IV.
October 11 1797 - The British fleet, under the command of Admiral Adam Duncan (born in Forfar in 1731), defeated the Dutch off the village of Camperdown, Holland
October 11 2000 - Scotland's first First Minister Donald Dewar died suddenly after a fall on the steps of his official residence in Edinburgh.
October 12 1866 - Ramsay MacDonald, first Labour Prime Minister of the UK, born in Lossiemouth.
October 13 1644 - Battle of Aberdeen, James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose, sacked the city.
October 13 1713 - Birth of Allan Ramsay, painter and son of Allan Ramsay the poet.

October 14 1285 - Second marriage of King Alexander III (to Yolanda de Dreux).
October 14 1318 - Edward Bruce, brother of Robert the Bruce, killed in a battle near Dundalk, Ireland.
October 14 1633 - Birth at St James' Palace, London of King James VII, second son of King Charles I and brother of King Charles II.
October 14 1969 - The 50 pence decimal coin was first issued, replacing the ten shilling note.
October 15 1686 - Birth of poet Allan Ramsay, father of Allan Ramsay the painter.
October 15 1902 - Edinburgh's Balmoral Hotel opened its doors for the first time.
October 16 1430 - King James II born.
October 17 1346 - Battle of Neville's Cross during which King David II was captured by the English.
October 17 1850 - James "Paraffin" Young obtained a patent for the extraction of paraffin from shale, starting the chemical industry in West Lothian.
October 17 1995 - Bridge to the Isle of Skye opened.
October 18, 1541 - Death of Margaret Tudor, English princess, sister of Henry VIII, wife of James IV, mother of James V. Maternal great-grandmother of James VI, giving him claim to the throne of England following the death of Queen Elizabeth I.
October 18, 1965 – Amy Frost Barrington born, Rocky River Ohio
October 19 1687 - First sedan chairs available for public hire introduced to Edinburgh.
October 20 - Carol (Mrs. Stan) Wallace
October 21 1956 - Last tram car ran in Dundee.
October 21 1983 - The Queen officially opened the Burrell Collection in Glasgow's Pollok Country Park. The museum's collection had been donated to the city nearly 40 years earlier by the shipping magnate Sir William Burrell.
October 22 1861 - Foundation stones of main Post Office and National Museum of Scotland laid by Prince Albert in his last public engagement before his death.
October 23 1295 - Treaty between King John Balliol of Scotland and King Philippe IV of France which promised mutual help against the English - the start of the "Auld Alliance".
October 23 1921 - Death of John Boyd Dunlop who re-invented the pneumatic tyre from the design of Robert W Thomson.
October 24 1796 - Artist David Roberts born in Edinburgh.
October 25 1960 - Elvis Presley touched down at Prestwick airport, his only visit to Scotland.
October 26 1760 - George III crowned, beginning a 60 year reign, one of the longest in British history.
October 26 1845 - Lady Caroline Nairne, songwriter and poet, died at Gask,Perthshire.
October 27 1728 - James Cook, circum-navigator of the globe, born to Scottish parents in Yorkshire.
October 27 1854 - William Smith, founder of the Boys' Brigade, born.
October 28 1794 - Birth of Robert Liston in Linlithgow who was to carry out the first operation in Britain with the aid of an anaesthetic.
October 28 1880 - Dr Henry Faulds, a Scots medical missionary working in Japan, published a letter in "Nature" which gave the first evidence that fingerprints could be used as proof of guilt or innocence in legal cases.
October 29 1740 - James Boswell, biographer of Dr Johnston, born at Blair's Land, Parliament Square, Edinburgh.
October 30 1822 - Caledonian Canal opened.
October 30 1925 - First moving image on a television screen when John Logie Baird transmitted the image of a 15-year-old office boy in his London workshop.
October 31 1888 - Pneumatic bicycle tyres were patented by inventor John Boyd Dunlop from Ayrshire.
October 31 1903 - Hampden Park stadium opened in Glasgow as the home of Queen's Park Football Club.
November 1 1695 - Bank of Scotland founded by an Act of the Scottish
November 3 1698 - The Darien Expedition landed at "Caledonia" in Panama.
November 3 1975 - Queen Elizabeth officially opened an underwater pipeline
to bring the first North Sea oil ashore.
November 4 1965 - Pop star Lena Zavaroni was born. Her biggest hit was "Ma,
He's Making Eyes at Me".
November 5th – Guy Fawkes Day
Catholic dissident Guy Fawkes and 12 co-conspirators spent months planning to blow up King James I of England (James the VI of Scotland) during the opening of Parliament on November 5, 1605. But their assassination attempt was foiled the night before when Fawkes was discovered lurking in a cellar below the House of Lords next to 36 barrels of gunpowder. Londoners immediately began lighting bonfires in celebration that the plot had failed, and a few months later Parliament declared November 5 a public day of thanksgiving. Guy Fawkes Day, also known as Bonfire Night, has been around in one form or another ever since. Though originally anti-Catholic in tone, in recent times it has served mainly as an excuse to watch fireworks, make bonfires, drink mulled wine and burn Guy Fawkes effigies (along with the effigies of current politicians and celebrities).
November 5 1877 - Opening of the original Mitchell Library, Glasgow, now
the largest public reference library in Europe.
November 5 1879 - Death of Edinburgh-born mathematician and physicist James
Clerk Maxwell.
November 8 1308 - Scholar and philosopher John Duns Scotus died. His dry
subtleties led to the word "Duns" or "dunce" meaning dull and incapable of
learning. Beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1993.
November 8 1736 - First regular public theatre in Scotland opened in
Carrubber's Close, Edinburgh.
November 8 1891 - Author Neil M Gunn born in Caithness. Best known for
"Highland River" (1937) and "Silver Darlings" (1951).
November 9 1847 - In Edinburgh, Sir James Young Simpson delivered
Wilhelmina Carstairs while chloroform was administered to the mother, the
first child to be born with the aid of anaesthesia.
November 10 1871 - Journalist Henry M Stanley found the missing Scottish
missionary David Livingstone with the classic "Dr Livingstone, I presume?"
November 11 1918 - Armistice Day - World War I ends on the 11th hour of the
11th day of the 11th month.
November 12 - St Machar Day, patron saint of Aberdeen.
November 13 1093 - King Malcolm III (Canmore), last of the Celtic kings was
killed at the Battle of Alnwick. Succeeded by Donald III.
November 13 1715 - Battle of Sheriffmuir in which a force of Jacobites led
by John, 6th Earl of Mar, fought an inconclusive battle against a
Hanoverian force led by John, 2nd Duke of Argyll.
November 13 1850 - Novelist and poet Robert Louis Stevenson born Edinburgh.
November 13 1939 - The first bombs dropped on British soil in the Second
World War fell on the Shetland Islands.
November 14 1770 - James Bruce discovered the source of the Blue Nile, Lake
Tana in north-west Ethiopia.
November 14 1896 - Speed limit for "horseless carriages" was raised from
4mph (2mph in towns) to 14mph.
November 14 1916 - Author Hector Munro died in action in France. Some of
his work was written under the pseudonym "Saki".
November 15 1715 - The "Glasgow Courant", the city's first newspaper,
appeared for the first time.
November 15 1824 - Edinburgh's Great Fire began - and lasted until 17th
November. It destroyed the High Street, Parliament Square and the Tron
November 15 1873 - Statue to Greyfriar's Bobby, who stayed by his master's
grave for 14 years was unveiled.
November 16 1891 - Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show opened in the East End
Exhibition Buildings, Duke Street, Glasgow.
November 17 1855 - David Livingstone reached Victoria Falls in Africa.
November 17 1959 - Prestwick and Renfrew airports in Scotland became the
first in the UK to offer duty free goods for sale.
November 19 1600 - King Charles I born.
November 19 1960 - "National Service" which required all fit young men to
train in the armed forces, was brought to an end.
November 20 1863 - Death of James Bruce (8th Lord Elgin) who had served as
Governor-General of Canada (1847-54) and India (1862-63). As a special
envoy to China he burned down the emperor's Summer Palace in Beijing,
destroying countless works of art, in order to induce the emperor to sign a
November 21 1673 - King James VII married Mary of Modena.
November 21 1835 - Poet James Hogg, the Ettrick shepherd, died in Ettrick.
November 21 1918 - German battle fleet surrendered to the allies at Scapa
Flow in Orkney.
November 21 1958 - Construction began on the Forth Road Bridge.
November 22 1515 - Birth of Mary of Guise, the French Queen Consort of
James V. She was regent of Scotland during the minority reign of her
daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots.
November 23 1332 - Edward Balliol formally acknowledged King Edward III of
England as his feudal superior.
November 23 1909 - Historical novelist Nigel Tranter born in Glasgow. He
was the most prolific Scottish writer of all time, writing mainly factual
and fictional books related to Scottish history.
November 24 1331 - David II (aged 7) crowned at Scone.
November 24 1572 - John Knox, leading reformer of Church of Scotland, died.
November 25 1835 - Steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie born in
November 25 1796 - Death of artist David Roberts while working on a painting at St. Pauls Cathedral.
November 26 1836 - Death of John McAdam, inventor of "macadamisation" road
surface with a smooth hard surface with a camber to ensure rainwater
rapidly drained away.
November 27 1703 - The greatest storm on record hit Britain with the loss
of 8,000 people in 24 hours.
November 28 1666 - Battle of Rullion Green on the Pentland Hills,
south-west of Edinburgh, in which the King's army led by Sir Tam Dalyell
defeated the Covenanters.
November 29 1489 - Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England was
born. She later married King James IV of Scotland in the "Union of the
Thistle and the Rose". It was due to her bloodline that King James VI of
Scotland was able to inherit the crown of England in 1603, after the death
of his cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.
November 29 1599 - Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons granted its
charter by King James VI.
November 30th – TIM WALSH’s BIRTHDAY! Happy Birthday, sweetie.
November 30 - St Andrew's Day - patron saint of Scotland.
November 30 1872 - World's first international football (soccer) match,
Scotland V England at West of Scotland Cricket Ground. Result was 0-0.
November 30 1944 - HMS Vanguard, Britain's biggest and last battleship, was
launched at Clydebank.
November 30 1996 - Stone of Destiny, stolen from Scone by King Edward I of
England in 1296, returned to Scotland and installed in Edinburgh Castle.
December 1 1787 - First lighthouse in Scotland opened (at Kinnaird Head,
Fraserburgh). It was built by Thomas Smith and Robert Stevenson.
December 3 1894 - Robert Louis Stevenson died in Samoa.
December 3 1906 - His Majesty’s Theatre in Aberdeen opened and soon became
the city’s leading theatre.
December 4 1214 - King William I (Lion) died at Stirling and was succeeded
by his son Alexander II.
December 4 1423 - Treaty of London, releasing James I from his 18 years
captivity in England.
December 4 1795 - Essayist and historian Thomas Carlyle, best known for his
"French Revolution" born in Ecclefechan.
December 5 1560 - King Francis II of France, husband of Mary Queen of
Scots, died.
December 6 1214 - King Alexander II crowned at Scone.
December 6 1745 - Charles Edward Stewart's entry into Derby, the most
southerly point reached by the Jacobite Uprising..
December 7 521 - Day on which St. Columba was reputedly born in Donegal,
Ireland. After being banished to Scotland, following battles over monastic
possessions, he established a monastery on Iona.
December 8 1542 - Mary, Queen of Scots, born Linlithgow Palace. Her father,
on his deathbed said "It cam wi' ane lass; it will pas wi' ane lass" - a
reference to the Stuart line starting when Marjorie Bruce, daughter of King
Robert the Bruce, married Walter, High Steward of Scotland.
December 9 1165 - King Malcolm IV died at Jedburgh Castle
December 10 1868 - Artist, architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh
December 11 1781 - David Brewster, inventor of the kaleidoscope born.
December 11 1928 - Charles Rennie Mackintosh died.
December 12 1574 - Anne of Denmark, wife of King James VI, born.
December 14 1542 - James V died at Falkland Palace. Mary Queen of Scots
succeeded him.
December 14 1896 - Glasgow District Underground opened, powered by
December 14 1967 - University of Stirling instituted by Royal charter.
December 15 1936 - Zoological Society of Glasgow founded. A zoo at
Calderpark opened, after the Second World War, in 9 July 1947. The zoo
closed in August 2003.
December 16 1653 - Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England,
Scotland and Ireland.
December 17 1956 - Petrol rationing was imposed following the Suez crisis
and the closure of the canal.
December 18 1661 - Many Scottish historical records were lost when the ship
Elizabeth of Burntisland sank off the English coast. The records had been
taken to London by Oliver Cromwell and were being returned to Edinburgh.
December 18 1780 - Society of Antiquaries founded.
December 19 1954 – Alex Murray born, Scotland
December 20 1560 - First General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.
December 21 1846 - Robert Liston, who was born in Linlithgow in 1794,
performed the first operation in a British hospital using anaesthetic
December 21 1988 - Pan Am 747 blew up and crashed at Lockerbie, Dumfries,
killing 243 passengers, 16 crew and 11 Lockerbie residents.
December 22 1715 - James Stuart, the Old Pretender, arrived at Peterhead.
He stayed for only a few weeks.
December 22 1965 - Maximum speed limit of 70mph was imposed on all roads
unless a lower limit was in place.
December 22 2000 - Pop mega-star Madonna married movie-producer Guy Ritchie
at Skibo Castle, putting Dornoch into the media spotlight.
December 23rd 1990 – Bob & Ida Morehead married.
December 23 2000 - 2000, the legendary band leader and accordionist, Jimmy Shand, died
December 23 1682 James Gibbs, the Scottish architect, was born. Famous commissions included the London churches of St.Martin-in-the-Fields, and St.Mary-le-Strand.
December 24 1165 - 1165 William I, "The Lion", was crowned at Scone.
He was known as "The Lion" because of his standard, a red lion rampant on a yellow background, which remains Scotland's royal standard today.
December 25 1950 - Four young Scots retrieved the Stone of Destiny from Westminster Abbey. The stone had been taken to England by Edward I as a symbol of his overlordship. A group of four Nationalist students removed it and took it north of the border in a Ford Anglia. It remained hidden until they placed it in Arbroath Abbey in April 1951, where it was discovered and returned to England. In 1996 the stone was placed in Edinburgh Castle amid much ceremony on St. Andrew's Day.
December 25 1745- The Jacobite army reached Glasgow. The military campaign to return a Catholic Stewart king to the throne in place of the Hanoverian Protestant King William III was initially very successful.
December 26 1251 - Alexander III, the King of Scots, was married to Margaret, the daughter of Henry III, King of England, in York.
December 27 1904 J M Barrie's play "Peter Pan" premiered at the Duke of York Theatre, London. Born in Kirriemuir, Barrie first gained recognition as a writer of novels set in rural Scotland, it is as a playwright that he has become a household name with his timeless creation, Peter Pan.
December 27 1647 King Charles I, imprisoned at Carisbrooke Castle, reached an agreement with the Scots. In exchange for military allegiance in the English Civil War, he promised to establish Presbyterianism in England - but only for three years.
December 28 1879 - The Tay Bridge disaster occurred. 75 passengers were killed when the structure collapsed under a train during a storm.
December 28 1734 - Scotland's notorious outlaw, Rob "Roy" MacGregor, died.
December 29 1766 - Charles Macintosh, the inventor of waterproof clothing, was born in Glasgow.
December 29 1809 - William Ewart Gladstone, the British Prime Minister, was born. Though born in Liverpool, both his parents were Scottish and he always considered himself a Scot.
December 29th – Ida Morehead’s birthday.
December 31 1720 - Prince Charles Edward Stewart, The Young Pretender, was born in Rome. Known as "Bonnie Prince Charlie", he led the 1745 Jacobite attempt to overthrow the Hanoverian monarchy.
January 1st 1600 – First celebration of New Year in Scotland.
January 1st 1651 - Coronation of Charles II took place at Scone. This was to be the last occasion a monarch was crowned in Scotland. Charles was not restored to the throne until after the death of Cromwell in 1660.
January 3rd 1959 - Death of poet Edwin Muir in 1959
January 4th 1930 - Birth of Scottish actor Iain Cuthbertson in 1930.
January 4th 1949 - Birth of the opera singer Margaret Marshall
January 5th 1993 - Liberian registered oil tanker Braer hit rocks off the Shetland Islands.
January 5th 1952 - Death of Lord Linlithgow, Viceroy of India from 1936-43, the longest period that one man held the post. He is credited with furthering the cause of Indian independence through the adoption of a federal form of government.
January 6 1981 - A.J. Cronin, author of "Keys of the Kingdom" and creator
of the British television series "Dr Finlay's Casebook" died.
January 7 1451 - Glasgow University founded at the request of James II and
Bishop Turnbull.
January 8 1661 - The first newspaper in Scotland was published. "Mercurius
Caledonius" offered coverage of "the Affairs now in Agitation in Scotland,
with a Survey of Foreign Intelligence." It ceased publication on 28 March
after only nine issues.
January 8 1107 - King Alexander I crowned.
January 8 1707 - Earl of Stair, held responsible for the massacre of Glencoe, died.
January 8 1940 - Rationing of sugar, bacon and butter introduced.
January 9 1492 - The Diocese of Glasgow was elevated to an Archdiocese by
Pope Innocent VII.
January 9 1799 - Income tax introduced for the first time.
January 9 1811 - The first women's golf tournament took place in Scotland,
at Musselburgh.
January 9 1972 - Liner Queen Elizabeth I, launched at John Brown's
shipyard, Clydebank, in 1938, caught fire and sank in Hong Kong where it
was to serve as a floating marine university.
January 10 1945 - Pop star Rod Stewart born.
January 11 1815 - John A MacDonald, first Prime Minister of the Dominion of
Canada in 1867, born at 20 Brunswick Street in Glasgow.
January 12 1940 - John Buchan, author (39 Steps etc) and diplomat (Governor
General of Canada, 1935/1940) died.
January 13 603 - Death of St Mungo, patron saint of Glasgow (and also known
as St Kentigern).
January 14 1872 - Greyfriars Bobby died after staying by his master's grave
for 14 years.
January 14 1878 - Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated his telephone to Queen
Victoria. She made the first call in the British Isles from her residence
on the Isle of Wight.
January 15 1973 - Neil M Gunn, author of "The Silver Darlings" and many
other books and short stories, died.
January 16 1746 - Retreating Jacobite army defeated Hanoverian forces at
Battle of Falkirk.
January 16 1707 - Treaty of Union of Scottish and Westminster Parliaments
January 16 1945 - 52nd Highland Light Infantry and 1st Commando Brigade
cross from Holland into Germany and assault Heinsberg.
January 17 1795 - Duddingston Curling Society became formally organised,
one of the earliest in the history of curling - though Kilsyth lays claim
to a date of 1716.
January 17 1883 - Author Compton Mackenzie (Whisky Galore etc) born.
January 18 – James (Shay) Harvey birthday
January 18 1782 - Death of Sir John Pringle, President of the Royal Society
from 1772-1778 and physician to King George III. Sometimes called the
"father of modern military medicine", the Scottish-born physician focused
on the need to adopt a clean medical environment for the treatment of
wounded soldiers. He also coined the term "influenza".
January 18 1976 - Launch of Scottish Labour Party in Glasgow.
January 19 1644 - A Scottish army under the Earl of Leven crossed the river
Tweed into England. It remained in England for three years playing an
important part in the Civil War.
January 19 1736 - Birth of James Watt, mathematical instrument maker,
developed the steam engine, invented the condenser and copying machine.
January 20 1937 - Benny Lynch crowned world flyweight champion.
January 20 1805 - Thomas Graham born. He was the chemist who discovered the diffusion rate of gasses known at “Graham’s Law”.
January 21 1290 - Sweetheart Abbey, near Dumfries, founded by Devorguilla,
mother of John Balliol.
January 22 1788 - Poet George Gordon Byron (later Lord Byron) born. He
moved to Aberdeen at the age of four and attended Aberdeen Grammar School.
The title was inherited from an uncle.
January 23 1570 - James Stewart, the Regent Moray on the abdication of Mary
Queen of Scots, murdered in Linlithgow, triggering civil war.
January 24 76 - Birth of Publius Aelius Hadrianus, who built Hadrian's Wall
to cut off Scotland from the rest of Britain.
January 24 1890 - First train over Forth Rail Bridge.
January 25 1759 - Robert Burns born Alloway.
January 26 1861 - "One o'clock gun" fired for the first time from Edinburgh
January 26, 1878 – Kirkpatrick McMillan died. McMillan was the inventor of the bicycle, but never patented his invention or made any money from it.
January 26 1908 - The 1st Glasgow Scout troop was registered, the first to be formed.
January 27 1783 - Glasgow Herald newspaper first published. It is the longest continuously published daily newspaper in Britain.
January 27 1926 - First public demonstration of TV by John Logie Baird.
January 28 1829 - William Burke, murderer and body snatcher of "Burke and
Hare" fame, executed.
January 29 1928 - Earl Haig, Commander in Chief of British forces 1915-18,
founder of the British Legion, died.
January 30 1649 - King Charles I executed.
January 31 1761 - Lachlan MacQuarie, "Father of Australia" born Ulva.
January 31 1788 - Charles Edward Stewart, "Bonnie Prince Charlie" died in
January 31 1953 - Princess Victoria, Stranraer-Larne ferry, sank in a storm
with the loss of 133 lives; 44 were rescued.
February 1st – Craig Shepperly birthday
February 1 1708 - Alexander Selkirk, a sailor from Lower Largo, Fife,
rescued after four years on the island of Juan Fernandez, 400 miles off the
coast of Chile; his story inspired Daniel Defoe to write "Robinson Crusoe".
February 1 1865 - Highland Railway formed from the amalgamation of
Inverness and Perth Junction and the Inverness and Aberdeen Junction
February 2 - Feast and legal Quarter Day of Candlemass.
February 2, 1934 - James Andrew Frost born.
February 2 1424 - James I married Lady Jane Beaufort, daughter of the Earl
of Somerset, in London.
February 4 1649 - Charles II proclaimed king in Edinburgh - but not in
February 4 1716 - Prince James Francis Stuart, the Old Pretender, left
Scotland after a stay of only three weeks, effectively bringing the first
Jacobite Uprising to an end.
February 4 1818 - Honours of Scotland put on display in Edinburgh Castle
after being rediscovered by Sir Walter Scott.
February 4 1941 - SS "Politician" ran aground on Eriskay in the Outer
Hebrides, creating the basis for Sir Compton MacKenzie's novel "Whisky
February 5 1723 - John Witherspoon, clergyman, writer, President of
Princeton University 1768-94, signatory to American Declaration of
Independence 1776, born in Gifford, East Lothian.
February 5 1846 - John Boyd Dunlop, who patented the first practical
pneumatic tyre, born Ayrshire.
February 5 1881 - Writer and historian Thomas Carlyle died in London.
February 6 1665 - Queen Anne, last of the Stuart monarchs, born.
February 6 1685 - King Charles II, the "merry monarch" died. His last words
to his brother James were "Don't let poor Nellie starve" - a reference to
his favourite mistress, Nell Gwynne.
February 6 2015 – Stan Wallace birthday - Rev. Dr. Stan Wallace's birthday is February 6, the same exact date as Tom Brokaw, the same date as Ronald Reagan, Babe Ruth, Zsa Zsa Gabor, Axl Rose, Aaron Burr, and 275 years ago Queen Anne of England, the last of the Stewarts.
February 6 1918 - Representation of the people Act received Royal assent,
granting votes to women over the age of 30.
February 6 1952 - King George VI dies and Queen Elizabeth II becomes
February 7 1603 - Battle at Glenfruin when the MacGregors slaughtered a
number of Colquhouns - the origins of the banning of the MacGregor name.
February 8 1587 - Mary Queen of Scots beheaded at Fotheringay Castle.
February 8 – Christie Urquhart Walsh’s birthday
February 9 1958 - Golfer Sandy Lyle born.
February 10 1306 - Robert the Bruce murdered Red Comyn.
February 10 1567 - Lord Darnley, husband of Mary Queen of Scots,
February 10 1912 - Death of Lord Joseph Lister, pioneer of surgery and
antiseptic at the University of Glasgow and Glasgow and Edinburgh Royal
February 10 1495 - A bull from Pope Alexander VI confirmed the foundation
of Aberdeen University.
February 10 1723 - Rev John Witherspoon, President of Princeton College,
signatory to the US Declaration of Independence, baptised at Yester.
February 11 1800 – William Fox Tabot, pioneering photographer, born.
February 11 1895 - Coldest temperature ever recorded in Scotland, -27.2C at
February 11 1940 - Author and politician John Buchan died in Canada.
February 12 1624 – George Heriot, goldsmith to King James VI and founder of Heriot’s School, died. He is thought to be the inspiration for the character, Georgie Heriot in Sir Walter Scott’s novel, “Fortunes of Nigel.”
February 12 1846 - Rev Henry Duncan, founder of the world-wide savings bank
movement, died near Ruthwell.
February 13 858 - Kenneth MacAlpin, King of Dalriada and the Picts, died at
February 13 1692 - Massacre of 38 of the Clan Macdonald by government order
at Glencoe.
February 13 – Russ Luyster’s birthday
February 13 1931 – Scottish Youth Hostel Association formed.
February 14 1565 - Mary Queen of Scots meets Lord Darnley for the first
time. They married in July 1565.
February 14th - David Macgregor born, 1933.
February 14 1876 - Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone (Patent
174461). Two hours after it was lodged, his rival, Elisha Gray, applied for
a similar patent. Bell's was granted.
February 15 1848 – Caledonian Rwy. Co. opened.
February 15 1971 - Decimal currency introduced, abandoning 12 pennies to a
shilling and 20 shillings to a pound.
February 16 1746 – Government forces under Lord Louden attempted to capture Prince Charles Edward Stuart at Moy Hall.
February 16 1954 – Scottish crime and science fiction writer Iain Banks born in Dunfermline, Fife.
February 17 1540 - King James V passed a law which recognised Scotland's
February 17 1688 James Renwick, ast Covenanter to be executed.
February 19 1314 - James Dougas retook Roxburgh Caste and razed it to the ground.
February 19 1972 - Death of film director and producer John Grierson, a
pioneer of documentary film making. He is credited with being the first
person to use the word 'documentary' (in 1926).
February 20 1437 - King James I murdered in Perth by a group led by Sir
Robert Graham.
February 20 1472 - Orkney and Shetland annexed from Norway.
February 21 1842 - Intercity railway between Glasgow and Edinburgh opened
by Queen Victoria.
February 21 1945 - Eric Liddell, "Chariots of Fire" athlete, winner of 1924
Olympics 400 metres, died in Japanese internment camp in China.
February 22 1371 - David II died at Edinburgh Castle.
February 22 1371 - King Robert II crowned.
February 23 1303 - Battle of Roslin in which a Scots army of 8,000, led by
Sir Simon Fraser, Sinclair of Rosslyn and the Red Comyn, surprised an
English army of 30,000 led by Sir John Seagrave and defeated them.
February 23 1995 - James Herriot (pen name of James Alfred Wight), author
of "All Creatures Great and Small", died aged 78.
February 24 1923 - Steam train, the "Flying Scotsman" went into service
with London and North Eastern Railway (LNER), on the London (King's Cross)
to Edinburgh route.
February 25 1412 - Bishop Henry Wardlaw established St Andrews as a
"university" although it was not officially inaugurated until 4 February
1414 when a Bull of Foundation was promulgated by Pope Benedict XIII.
February 26 1672 - Philip van der Straten, a Fleming, was granted Scots
naturalisation and set up a factory in Kelso, thus starting the Border
woollen industry.
February 26 1935 - Robert Watson Watt demonstrated radar for the first
February 26 1950 - Entertainer and song writer Sir Harry Lauder died.
February 27 1545 - Battle of Ancrum Moor in which Scottish forces, led by
Earl of Douglas, defeated an English army twice their size.
February 28 1638 - Second National Covenant signed in Greyfriars
February 29 1528 - Patrick Hamilton, a Protestant martyr, was burned at the
stake in St Andrews.
March 1 1682 - The Advocate's Library (known as the National Library of
Scotland since 1925) opened by its founder, Sir George Mackenzie, the Lord
March 1st - Nancy Haggard Davis birthday
March 1 1979 - Scots voted in favour of Devolution, but failed to reach the
required 40% of the population in favour of implementing it -
March 2 1316 - King Robert II born in Paisley.
March 3 1792 - Robert Adam, architect, died.
March 3 1847 - Alexander Graham Bell, first to patent the telephone, born
March 4 1756 - Sir Henry Raeburn, renowned for painting the portraits of
many of the citizens of Edinburgh, born.
March 4 1890 - Forth Rail Bridge opened by Prince of Wales.
March 4 1936 - Jim Clark, Formula I World motor racing champion, born Fife.
March 5 1323 - King David II born.
March 5 1790 - Flora Macdonald, who helped to save Prince Charles Edward
Stewart during his flight after the defeat at the Battle of Culloden, died
in Kingsburgh, Skye (in the same bed in which Bonnie Prince Charlie had
slept during his escape).
March 6 1457 - King James II decreed in an Act of Parliament that there
should be regular target practice and military parades and that "football
and golf be utterly cried down and not used". This was the first time that
the games had been mentioned in Scottish documents.
March 6, 1923 – Scotland’s first radio broadcast took place from Rex House in Glasgow.
March 7, 1744 - The Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers, the world’s first golf club, founded in Edinburgh. Their first meeting was held on Leith Links.
March 8 1702 - King William III died and Queen Anne acceded to the throne
at the age of 37. She was the daughter of King James VII.
March 8 1859 - Kenneth Grahame, author of "The Wind in the Willows" born in
March 9 1776 - "Wealth of Nations" by Adam Smith published
March 9 1566 – David Rizzio – Secretary and friend to Mary Queen of Scots – murdered in Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh.
March 10 - St Kessog Day. St Kessog was the patron saint of Scotland prior
to the adoption of St Andrew.
March 10 1748 - John Playfair, clergyman, geologist, mathematician, born in
March 10 1916 - Birth of James Herriot, author of "All Creatures Great and
March 11 1820 - Death of Sir Alexander Mackenzie (of Dunkeld), explorer of
North America and in 1793 became the first white person north of Mexico to
reach the Pacific by crossing overland.
March 11 1955 - Sir Alexander Fleming, discoverer of penicillin, died.
March 13 1873 - Scottish Football Association founded. The initial clubs
were Queen's Park, Clydesdale, Vale of Leven, Dumbreck, Third Lanark,
Eastern, Granville and Kilmarnock.
March 13th 1395 – Death of poet and historian John Barbour, author of “The Bruce”.
March 13/15 1941 - Blitz of Clydebank by German Luftwaffe.
March 14 1952 - First television programs broadcast in Scotland.
March 15 1921 - First women jurors in Glasgow Sheriff Court.
March 15 1900 –Birth of Scottish lawyer, Dame Margaret Kidd. First woman advocate, first woman King’s Counsel in Britain, and first woman to plead before the House of Lords.
March 15 1689 - Sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh founded Advocates'
Library "equipped with works written by lawyers".
March 16 1309 - King Robert the Bruce convened his first parliament, at St
March 16 1940 - The first British civilian victim of the Second World war
was killed in the Orkney village of Bridge of Waithe when a Luftwaffe
bomber targeting a naval air station near Kirkwall missed the correct
March 16 1995 – Death of Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat, chief of the Fraser clan. Was active in the Dieppe Raid of 1942 and the D-Day landings.
March 17 1328 - Treaty of Edinburgh between King Robert I and Edward III
which recognised Scotland's independence, ending the 30 years of Wars of
March 17 1473 - King James IV born.
March 17 1969 - Longhope lifeboat sank in the Pentland Firth with the loss
of eight men on board, all from the small island of Hoy.
March 17 493 – Death of St. Patrick in 493.
March 18 1689 - Earl of Leven raises a Border regiment to hold Edinburgh
against the Jacobites. It later becomes the King's Own Scottish Borderers.
March 18 1857 - William Henry Playfair, architect, died.
March 19 1286 - King Alexander III died after crossing the river Forth to
Fife at Queensferry.
March 19 1286 - Queen Margaret, Maid of Norway (daughter of King Erik II
and grand-daughter of Alexander III) inherits the throne.
March 19 1813 - David Livingstone, missionary and explorer, born Blantyre.
March 20 1141 - King Malcolm IV born.
March 20 1729 - John Law, financier and founder of New Orleans, died aged
about 57.
March 20 1780 - The firm of James Watt and Co was established - to
manufacture the world's first duplicating machines.
March 20 1814 - Birth of Dr John Goodsir in Anstruther, Fife, who showed in
1842 that bacteria was the cause of disease and that it could be eliminated
with selective poisons - 18 years before Louis Pasteur, who is usually
credited with the discovery.
March 21 1859 - National Gallery of Scotland opened in Edinburgh.
March 21 1993 - Pope John Paul sanctifies John Duns Scotus, philosopher,
theologian (but the first "dunce").
March 22 1727 - Neil Gow, first of a famous family of Fiddle players and
composers, born at Inver, near Dunkeld, Perthshire.
March 22 1868 - Last fully public hanging in Scotland - that of Joseph Bell
at Perth.
March 23 1848 - First Scottish settlers arrive Dunedin, New Zealand.
March 23, 1923 – Birth of Roddy McMillan, portrayed Captain Para Handy of the Vital Spark in the much loved television series.
March 24 1603 - Union of the Crowns of England and Scotland on the death of
Queen Elizabeth I and the succession of King James VI of Scotland.
March 24, 1936 – HMS Queen Mary left the Clyde for the first time.
March 25 1306 - King Robert I ("The Bruce") crowned at Scone.
March 25 1437 - Coronation of King James II.
March 26 1934 - Car driving tests introduced for the first time.
March 27 1371 - King Robert II crowned at Scone.
March 27 1625 - King James VI died at Theobalds Park, Hertfordshire and
buried at Westminster Abbey. Succeeded by his son, King Charles I.
March 28, 1642 – Scots Guards Regiment formed when King Charles I issued the commission to the Marquess of Argyl, Chief of Clan Campbell.
March 28 1318 - King Robert the Bruce captured Berwick on Tweed.
March 29 1783 - The Royal Society of Edinburgh incorporated by charter.
March 29 1960 - Cheapside docks fire, Glasgow, 19 firemen killed.
March 29 2002 - Longannet Mine in Fife, Scotlands last deep coal mine, closed.
March 30 1296 – Edward I of England sacked the Scottish town of Berwick upon Tweed. The English destroyed the town and decimated the population. It was rebuilt by Northumbrians and the Scottish-English border has remained north of this town ever since.
March 30 1406 - King James I captured by English near Flamborough Head on
his way to France.
March 31 1652 - Scottish Regalia (crown, sceptre and sword) saved from
invading army of Oliver Cromwell by James Granger, minister at Kinneff,
Aberdeenshire, after they had been smuggled from Dunnottar Castle which was
under siege.
March 31 1938 - David Steel, (Lord Steel of Aikwood), politician, former
leader of the Liberal party and first Presiding Officer (Speaker) of the
new Scottish Parliament, born in Kirkcaldy, Fife.
March 31 1950 - Actor Robbie Coltrane was born (as Anthony Robert McMillan)
in Rutherglen.
April 1 - "Hunt the Gowk" - Scottish equivalent of April Fool's Day (gowk
is a cuckoo).
April 1 1295 - Robert Bruce, "The Great Competitor" and grandfather of King
Robert the Bruce, died.
April 1 1571 - Dumbarton Castle, under siege since January 1570, captured
by Captain Thomas Crawford scaling the walls.
April 2 1593 - Marischal College, second University in Aberdeen, founded.
April 3 1401 - Murder of Duke of Rothesay, heir of Robert III.
April 4 1384 - John of Gaunt, son of Edward III attacks Scotland.
April 4 1406 - King Robert III died and James I ascended the throne of England (but
was not crowned until 1424 as he was a prisoner of the English).
April 4 1689 - Scottish Parliament declared that James VII had forfeited
the Scottish throne.
April 4 1617 - John Napier, inventor of logarithms, died in Edinburgh.
April 5 1603 - King James VI leaves Edinburgh to travel to London as the
first monarch of both Scotland and England.
April 5 1830 - Birth at Lesmahagow of composer Alexander Muir, creator of
"Maple Leaf Forever".
April 6 1320 - Declaration of Arbroath - "For we fight not for glory nor
for riches nor for honour, but only and alone for freedom, which no good
man surrenders but with his life".
April 6 1998 - Celebration of Tartan Day approved by the US Senate, in
recognition of the monumental achievements and invaluable contributions
made by Scottish Americans.
April 7 1934 – Scottish National Party founded.
April 9 1139 - Second Treaty of Durham in which David I is recognised as
King of an independent Scotland by King Stephen of England.
April 9 1747 - Lord Lovat beheaded on Tower Hill for high treason. He was
the last person in Britain to be beheaded.
April 10 1512 - King James V born.
April 10 1988 - Sandy Lyle becomes the first Scottish (and British) golfer
to win the US Masters tournament.
April 11 1700 - Scottish settlement in Darien, Panama, abandoned.
April 12 1606 - Union flag adopted as the flag of England, Wales and
April 12 1928 - Madeleine Smith, found "not proven" for murder in 1857,
died peacefully in New York.
April 12 1913 - Flyweight boxing champion Benny Lynch born.
April 12 1945 - The Scottish National Party gained their first electoral
victory when they won the by-election in Motherwell and Wishaw by a
majority of 617 votes.
April 13 1951 - The Stone of Destiny, which had been removed from
underneath the Coronation Chair by Scottish nationalists on 25 December
1950, was returned to Westminster Abbey after being found at Arbroath
April 14 1582 - University of Edinburgh founded.
April 14 1903 - Aberdeen Football Club was founded.
April 15 1799 - Death of Prof Joseph Black chemist, researcher, teacher,
first to identify carbon dioxide.
April 16 1746 - Charles Edward Stewart defeated at Battle of Culloden.
April 16 1953 – Royal yacht Brittania launched at Clydebank.
April 17 1766 - James Craig's winning entry for development of Edinburgh
New Town was approved.
April 17 1892 – Alexander Mackenzie, Scottish born, Canadian statesman, died.
April 18 1874 - Remains of David Livingstone interred in Westminster Abbey.
April 19 1390 - Robert II, grandson of Robert the Bruce, died at Dundonald
April 19 1689 - Earl of Angus forms the Cameronians into a regiment.
April 19 1825 - Robert Byron (later Lord Byron) died at Missolinghi,
April 20 1809 - James David Forbes, physicist who devised first form of
seismograph, born.
April 20 1934 - Scottish National Party founded with the amalgamation of
the National Party of Scotland and the Scottish Party.
April 21 1703 - Edinburgh Fire Brigade, one of the first in Scotland,
April 21 1838 - John Muir, pioneering conservationist and founder of
Yosemite National Park, born in Dunbar.
April 21 1926 - The future Queen Elizabeth II born.
April 22 1838 - The 703-ton Sirius, built in Leith and carrying 90
passengers, reached New York, the first ship to cross the Atlantic entirely
under steam. Shortage of fuel resulted in spars and furniture being burned
towards the end of the 18-day voyage. Brunel's steamship, Great Western,
arrived a day later.
April 22 2014 - Bill Heflin’s birthday
April 22 2005 - Sculptor and artist Sir Eduardo Paolozzi died. Born in
Leith, he was a founder of the Independent Group, which is seen as a
precursor to the '60s British pop art movement.
April 23 1124 - King Alexander I died at Stirling Castle, succeeded by
David I.
April 23 1945 - Blackout restrictions lifted as World War II heads to a
April 24 1558 - Mary, Queen of Scots, married French Dauphin, Francis
Valois (he was aged 14) at Notre Dame in Paris.
April 24 1633 - Warrant issued by the Privy Council to Sir John Hepburn to
raise a regiment of 1,200 men to fight in the French service. The corps
ultimately became the First Regiment of Foot, The Royal Scots.
April 24 1825 - Novelist R M Ballantyne, who wrote 90 books, the best known
of which was "The Coral Island," was born in Edinburgh.
April 24 1949 - Chocolate and sweets were no longer rationed, a measure
introduced at the start of World War 2. However, demand was so great that
it had to be re-introduced.
April 25 1058 - Malcolm III (Canmore) crowned.
April 26 1711 - Philosopher David Hume born.
April 26 1965 – David Belvin born. HAPPY BIRTHDAY DAVE !!!
April 27 1296 - Scots defeated by Edward I at Battle of Dunbar.
April 28 1898 - Poet William Soutar born in Perth.
April 29, 2011 - Prince William (heir to the throne of GB) married Kate Middleton in Westminster Abbey.
April 30 1728 - Royal Bank invents first overdraft, Wm Hogg overdraws by
1,000 (66,000 at today's money).
April 30 1873 – David Livingstone, renowned Scottish missionary and explorer died.
April 30 1891 - An Comunn Gaidhealach was formally instituted as a vehicle
for the preservation and development of the Gaelic language.
May 1 - Beltane's Day - ancient fire festival celebrating start of summer.
May 1 1522 - England declared war on both Scotland and France.
May 1 1707 - Act of Union of English and Scottish parliaments proclaimed.
May 1 1873 - Missionary and explorer David Livingstone died.
May 1 1966 - First civil aircraft (a Handley-Page Herald which had left
Renfrew airport six minutes earlier) landed at the new Glasgow airport at
Abbotsinch, formerly HMS Sanderling, a Royal Naval Air Station.
May 2 1316 - Edward Bruce, brother of King Robert the Bruce, crowned High
King of All Ireland.
May 2 1424 - King James I crowned at Scone.
May 2 1568 - Mary Queen of Scots escaped from Loch Leven castle.
May 2 1901 - Glasgow International Exhibition in Kelvingrove opened.
May 2 1959 - The first nuclear power station in Scotland, at Chapelcross,
May 2 1933 – First reported sighting of the Loch Ness Monster. Although accounts of a water beast date back some 1500 years, the more modern legend was born when a local couple reported seeing “an enormous animal rolling and plunging on the surface,” to the Inverness Courier.
May 2 1963 - Rootes car factory opens at Linwood, making the Hillman Imp.
May 3 1557 - John Knox began the Reformation in Scotland.

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